An American Interest Towards a Better and More Innovative Foreign Policy

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 A World on Fire

The Plight of Rohingya Muslims

Under international law, the offenses committed against Rohingya Muslims by the state apparatus of Myanmar constitute crimes against humanity, and are tantamount to genocide. The Rohingya are a religious minority that have lived in Myanmar, previously Burma, for generations, primarily in the western state of Rakhine. However, some of Myanmar’s Buddhist majority has long viewed…

Libya Wreckage

Civilian Casualties in Libya’s Civil War

Since the onset of Libya’s civil war in 2011, civilians have disproportionately borne the brunt of violence committed by bellicose parties. Libya has been fractured since the 2011 Arab Spring movement that deposed longtime authoritarian leader Muammar Qaddafi. Disputed elections over the future governance of Libya further splintered the country, culminating in a renegade general…

Yemen

Yemen’s Humanitarian Situation

Yemen has been embroiled in a bloody civil war since 2014, when the country’s government was ousted by rebels following an unsuccessful political transition. In 2011, popular protests fueled by the Arab Spring movement forced longtime authoritarian leader, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to step down and be replaced by his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi. After coming…

Thai Protests

Thailand

Protests have broken out in Thailand, with people demonstrating against the country’s government and monarchy. Over 10,000 people gathered in the capital of Bangkok in early August, in what is the biggest political demonstration in Thailand since a 2014 coup when the military seized power. The protests were prompted by student-led activism which has grown…

A man holding Zimbabwe's national flag walks with other protesters as they march in the streets of Harare on August 16, 2019. - Riot police in Zimbabwe fire teargas and beat demonstrators on August 16 during a crackdown on opposition supporters who have taken to Harare's streets despite a protest ban. Scores of people gathered in the capital's Africa Unity Square to demonstrate against the country's worsening economy in defiance of the ban, which was upheld by a court on August 16. (Photo by Zinyange Auntony / AFP)        (Photo credit should read ZINYANGE AUNTONY/AFP/Getty Images)

Zimbabwe

In recent months, Zimbabwe has struggled with civil unrest as the population turns against strongman President Emmerson Mnangagwa. Mnangagwa succeeded authoritarian leader Robert Mugabe after a military coup, and many Zimbabweans hoped he would lead the country into a new age of peace and prosperity. However, under Mnangagwa’s rule, Zimbabwe has faced ethnic tensions, and…

Demonstrators stand in front of riot police during a protest after polls closed in Belarus' presidential election, in Minsk on August 9, 2020. (Photo by Sergei GAPON / AFP)

Belarus

Protests broke out in Belarus after incumbent President Alexander Lukashenko declared victory in an election widely considered  to be illegitimate. Lukashenko has ruled Belarus since 1994 and is often referred to as “Europe’s last dictator.” His competitor, Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, was forced to flee to neighboring Lithuania amid suggestions her life was under danger from the…

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Iran

Multiple prominent protests have taken place throughout Iran against the corruption, economy, and human rights issues plaguing the country. Iran’s protest movements, despite the regime’s violent responses, show little sign of abating. As security forces step up their crackdown, dissatisfaction runs deeper than ever and dissidents continue to stage demonstrations. For nearly two years now,…

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Lebanon

What started by several civil society affiliated groups within Lebanon, grew into millions of Lebanese, and descendants of Lebanon, joining together in Beirut and across cities around the world to express their anger over the deep economic crisis and rampant state corruption plaguing Lebanon. A decision to impose a tax on all WhatsApp and Facebook…

The Algerian flag with the words written on it that read, 'System get out, free Algeria' is held as protesters rally against the Algerian president's bid for a fifth term in office on February 24, 2019 at the Place de la Republique in Paris. - President Abdelaziz Bouteflika is Algeria's longest-serving president and a veteran of its independence struggle who has clung to power since 1999 despite his ill health. (Photo by STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN / AFP)        (Photo credit should read STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN/AFP/Getty Images)

Algeria

On February 15, 2019, ten days after Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced his candidacy for a fifth term, the Revolution of Smiles or Hirak Movement began. These peaceful protests, fed up with Bouteflika’s rule and the corruption, led the military to assert Bouteflika’s immediate resignation on April 2, 2019. Following a month later, many powerbrokers close to…

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France

Late September saw the return of climate protests throughout France. The demonstrators, who have been dubbed as “Yellow Vests” for their fluorescent outerwear, had a lull over the summer but returned to the streets en masse to protest French President Emmanuel Macron’s environmental policies. Authorities estimated 16,000 people turned out, with a majority of the…

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Malta

The Prime Minister of Malta, Joseph Muscat, said he would step down in January amid civil unrest over the unresolved murder of a journalist in 2017. Daphne Caruana Galizia was an investigative journalist and anti-corruption activist who was killed by a car bomb. Galizia exposed corruption at the highest levels of Malta’s government, and Muscat’s…

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Hong Kong

The 2019 protests in Hong Kong have the potential to completely redefine the relationship between mainland China and the semi-autonomous province. The demonstrations initially began as backlash to an unpopular extradition bill, in which criminal suspects would be able to be extradited to mainland China to stand trial. The bill prompted concerns among Hong Kongers…

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Indonesia

Controversial bills proposed by the Indonesian Parliament have incensed citizens, who have taken to the streets en masse. The proposed legislation would weaken Indonesia’s anti-corruption laws, and reform the penal code to outlaw extramarital sex, ban abortion except in cases of rape and incest, strengthen rules against blasphemy and treason, and make it a crime…

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Chile

Proposed economic reforms by Chilean President Sebastian Pinera have infuriated Chileans, who railed against the widespread inequality throughout the country. Pinera had initially proposed an increase in metro fare across Chile, in addition to a hike on electricity rates. Unrest across the country in the face of these policies was magnified in Santiago, where citizens…

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Guinea

A constitutional amendment being considered by Guinean President Alpha Conde has ignited tensions in the West African nation. President Conde is contemplating changing the constitution to allow him to run for a third term in the 2020 elections. Opposition parties and civil society groups who oppose these efforts have pledged to use all legal measures…

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Nicaragua

Demonstrations against President Daniel Ortega began on April 16, 2018, led by university students in Nicaragua’s capital Managua after the government failed to handle forest fires in one of the most protected biological reserves in the nation. Soon after, the government further antagonized citizens by introducing a plan to raise taxes while cutting pensions and…

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Bolivia

Since Oct. 20, 2019 Bolivia’s capital La Paz has seen its largest protests in decades against Bolivia’s first indigenous President Evo Morales for what is increasingly seen as an erosion of democratic values. Morales has held power in Bolivia since 2006, a 13 year reign which makes him Latin America’s longest serving leader. His time…

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Haiti

Over the past few months, violent protests have erupted in Haiti calling for the resignation of President Moïse and an end to government corruption in the country. The first round of protests occurred in February 2019; however, a more recent round of protests started in September 2019 and have quickly turned deadly. Tens of thousands…

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